FAQ About Power Quality

Why is power quality so important?

Power quality is important because proper performance and life expectancy of electrical and electronic equipment relies upon high quality electrical power source. For best equipment performance and life, the voltage and current waveforms should both be sinusoidal, within specified maximum limits and be without disturbances.

What is power quality improvement?

Power quality improvement requires taking action to minimize electrical disturbances that may adversely affect electrical or electronic equipment or to improve the equipment immunity to such disturbances.

What are typical power quality problems?

There is a wide variety of power quality problems including voltage sags, under-voltage, voltage swells, over-voltage, voltage transients, surge currents, voltage interruptions and outages, harmonic voltage distortion, harmonic current distortion, low power factor, electromagnetic interference (EMI / RFI) and voltage notching. Most harmonic problems can be detected through measured waveforms, and then further quantified by additional measurements such as harmonic spectrum, power data, voltage and current magnitude measurements, etc.

How to improve power quality?

There are many types of power quality disturbances. And therefore no singular cure for improving power quality. The best economical solution to power quality problems comes only after either a benchmark assessment has been performed or a root cause analysis has been performed following an equipment malfunction.

What is power quality analysis?

Power quality analysis is a computational assessment of facility power quality, often based upon computer simulation or mathematical analysis of the interaction of electrical loads identified on a single line electrical diagram.

What is a power quality audit?

A power quality audit assesses the state of electrical power quality for a facility as well as its vulnerability to various power quality disturbances. It may involve a site inspection along with power quality monitoring or a computer simulation and analysis. It may serve as a benchmark or be used as a means of identifying the root cause of a power quality disturbance or equipment malfunction.

What is power quality definition?

Power quality is a comparison of the measured voltage and current magnitudes and harmonic distortion with respect to a reference. Good power quality refers to voltage and current waveforms that are purely (or near pure) sinusoidal, within specified and acceptable limits of magnitude, and being without disturbances.

What is power quality monitoring?

Power quality monitoring involves using power quality monitors and analyzer equipment to capture voltage and current waveforms and harmonic data over a time period long enough to cover all typical facility operations. The monitoring equipment is typically connected at the service entrance to assess overall facility power quality and in the event that disturbances are recorded, to determine from whether the source of the disturbance is upstream or downstream form the monitoring point.

How to measure power quality?

Power quality can be measured using a power quality analyzer or power quality monitor with the capability to capture voltage and current waveforms, harmonic data and transients.

How can power quality problems be detected?

Power quality problems generally can be detected through the use of a power quality analyzer. Additionally, some problems can be detected by upon the symptoms experienced with connected electrical /electronic equipment. The symptoms may suggest a particular power quality issue which can then be quantified using a harmonic analyzer.

What is a power quality analyzer?

A power quality analyzer is an electronic instrument capable of measuring a wide variety of power quality disturbances. It has the capability to measure and quantify individual harmonics as well as to monitor power conditions over some period of time.

How to monitor power quality?

Using a power quality analyzer/monitor, monitor voltage and current near the service entrance. Capture voltage and current waveforms as well as harmonic voltage and current spectrums. Capture power data (real, apparent, reactive) and power factor data. Monitor over a period of time long enough to cover a complete facility operating cycle. Set up instrumentation to capture all of these as well as sags (dips), swells and transients. Analyze the data or send the data to a consultant who can provide you with a complete interpretation of the data along with an explanation and recommendation. If power quality disturbances are detected, then the measurement point can be moved downstream in order to identify the source of the problem. It may be necessary to involve a consultant specializing in power quality.

How to check power quality?

Using a power quality analyzer/monitor, monitor voltage and current near the service entrance. Capture voltage and current waveforms as well as harmonic voltage and current spectrums. Capture power data (real, apparent, reactive) and power factor data. Monitor over a period of time long enough to cover a complete facility operating cycle. Set up instrumentation to capture all of these as well as sags (dips), swells and transients. Analyze the data or send the data to a consultant who can provide you with a complete interpretation of the data along with an explanation and recommendation. If power quality disturbances are detected, then the measurement point can be moved downstream in order to identify the source of the problem. It may be necessary to involve a consultant specializing in power quality.

How to test power quality?

Using a power quality analyzer/monitor, monitor voltage and current near the service entrance. Capture voltage and current waveforms as well as harmonic voltage and current spectrums. Capture power data (real, apparent, reactive) and power factor data. Monitor over a period of time long enough to cover a complete facility operating cycle. Set up instrumentation to capture all of these as well as sags (dips), swells and transients. Analyze the data or send the data to a consultant who can provide you with a complete interpretation of the data along with an explanation and recommendation. If power quality disturbances are detected, then the measurement point can be moved downstream in order to identify the source of the problem. It may be necessary to involve a consultant specializing in power quality.

What are power quality standards?

Basically, standards can be found for virtually any of the variety of power quality disturbances. Power quality standard generally provide recommended limits for disturbance magnitudes. For example, IEEE Standard 519, 2014 provided recommended limits for harmonic voltage and current distortion. Generally, adherence to these standards does not necessarily assure proper operation and life expectancy for the end users equipment, but it helps.

How to control power quality?

There are many types of power quality disturbances and there can be more than one method to solve each type of disturbance. A problem assessment with root cause analysis should be performed to quantify the problem based upon symptoms and measurements and to identify the source of the disturbance. An appropriate solution can only be determined after the root cause has been defined. The solution needs consider the magnitude of the disturbance with respect to the sensitivity of the affected equipment or desired result.

What are power quality conditioners?

Power quality conditioners typically make automatic adjustments to voltage for a particular load to compensate for moderate voltage sags and swells. In some cases, they include transient voltage surge suppressors (TVSS) and/or basic filtering components. They do not contain batteries and therefore cannot sustain voltage for a load during a deep sag, momentary interruption or outage.

What is quality power?

Good power quality refers to voltage and current waveforms that are purely (or near pure) sinusoidal, within specified and acceptable limits of magnitude, and being without disturbances.

What are power quality issues?

There are a number of direct types of power quality disturbances. Typically these involve increases or decrease to the magnitude of voltage or current as well as distortion of the voltage or current waveforms. Power quality issues include voltage sags, voltage swells, under-voltage , over-voltage, current surges/inrush current, harmonic voltage distortion, harmonic current distortion, electromagnetic interference (EMI/RFI), power factor and voltage notching.

What is power quality and why is it important?

Power quality is a comparison of the measured voltage and current magnitudes and harmonic distortion with respect to a reference. Good power quality refers to voltage and current waveforms that are purely (or near pure) sinusoidal, within specified and acceptable limits of magnitude, and being without disturbances. Power quality is important for achieving proper performance and life expectancy for electrical and electronic equipment.

Why focus on power quality?

Power quality is important for achieving proper performance and life expectancy for electrical and electronic equipment. Power quality is a comparison of the measured voltage and current magnitudes and harmonic distortion with respect to a reference. Good power quality refers to voltage and current waveforms that are purely (or near pure) sinusoidal, within specified and acceptable limits of magnitude, and being without disturbances.


Call Now Button